History and Job Description of Search and Rescue Dogs

Lynn
JUL 31,2021

Among all the categories of working dogs, the importance of search and rescue dogs cannot be overstated. It is also one of the most respected and praised popular occupations of dogs. They are also the first to rush to the affected areas after a major disaster. Search and rescue work is directly related to saving human lives and property, which is of great significance.

Search and Rescue Dogs

  Among all categories of working dogs, the importance of search and rescue dogs is self-evident. It is also one of the most respected and praised popular occupations of dogs. They are also the first to go to the affected areas after a major disaster. Search and rescue work is directly related to saving human life and property safety and is of great significance.

  I. History   The history of search and rescue dogs can be traced back to 950 AD, when a dog was trained in a monastery on the border between Switzerland and Italy, and many people in the mountainous region were rescued by him, making him the first search and rescue dog in recorded history. Unfortunately the monastery was destroyed by fire in the 16th century and all records were lost. But over the next three hundred years, more than 2,500 lives were saved in the area by recorded search dogs. One of the most famous dogs in history was the St. Bernard "Barry", who managed to save the lives of more than 40 people. A portrait of Barry is still preserved in the Natural History Museum in Bern.

  

Strong:: II.

  The scope of work of search and rescue dogs is very wide, including the search and rescue of missing people in natural disasters, such as earthquakes, avalanches, mountains and water and other sites. According to the rescue environment can also be divided into mountain rescue, water rescue and land rescue. Search and rescue dogs also undertake certain crime scene search and rescue work. These jobs can rely on the search and rescue dog's sensitive sense of smell to accelerate efficiency. For example, the missing tourists in the mountains, buried people avalanche site or earthquake site, looking for rescue of people in the water, as well as the identification of suspects used items and fire scene identification of human traces and other work.

   three, breed   What breed of dog can be trained as a search and rescue dog? There are many kinds of dogs that can be used as search and rescue dogs, in principle, as long as the body size is medium, not too small or too large, in addition to a sensitive nose is very important, and personality to have patience, adaptability and so on, usually hound breeds can become search and rescue dogs. In addition, depending on the rescue environment there are some special requirements, such as water rescue dogs not only require dogs are good swimmers and very good physical fitness, so will choose some larger dogs, such as Newfoundland dogs. Mountain rescue dogs, on the other hand, need the ability to work in the field in alpine climates.

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